City Ethics Board’s Unethical Record Continues Unblemished

Some time ago, Commissioner Mathiesen sent a proposal for comprehensive reform of the city’s ethics code to the Saratoga Springs Board of Ethics for their review and input.  Several days ago I visited the city’s website and found that after a three month hiatus (they last met in September), the Ethics Board had posted the agenda for a meeting to take place on Thursday, December 8th.  To their credit, after routinely violating the Open Meetings Law for months (possibly years) by failing to post notices of their meetings on the city’s website in a timely basis, they were finally in compliance.  On the other hand, their agenda was as uninformative as ever.  Here is the agenda:


So I sent the following email to Justin Hogan, the chair of the Board:

From:   John Kaufmann []

Sent:    Sunday, December 04, 2016 9:01 AM

To:       ‘Justin Hogan’


Subject:            Ethics Code 

I see that you have posted an agenda for a meeting of the Ethics Committee for December 8.  The agenda is rather vague.  Do you plan to take up the proposed changes in the city’s ethics code as sent by Commissioner Mathiesen to Tony Izzo?  If so, will the discussion of the proposed changes be held in executive session or open to the public? 

Consistent with the history of this Board I heard nothing.

I contacted Commissioner Mathiesen who told me that Tony Izzo had advised him that  the proposed changes to the ethics code will be discussed at the Board’s meeting on December 8.  Whether they will discuss these changes in public remains to be seen.

For those interested in who Justin Hogan is they can use the search function on my blog.


Impartiality, Open Government And The Sad State of the ZBA

My decision to start  blogging on public policy issues did not come out of a void.  Increasingly the public has become frustrated by the disconnect between their concerns and the decision making bodies that affect their lives.  Rather than react passively, people are turning out to meetings, contacting their legislators, and finding vehicles to educate those around them.

Not surprisingly, those same institutions are under strain.  For many of the individuals who serve on these bodies and who devote countless hours attending meetings, this is a difficult period.  Regrettably, it is not unusual for the public to be the recipient of anger and resentment from board members who had grown used to a passive public.

Below is an exchange between attorney Mark Schachner who specializes in land  use issues for the city and myself.  He is responding on behalf of William Moore, the chairman of the Zoning Board of Appeals, who I had emailed asking questions about recent events involving his board.

The central issues are as follows.  Does the ZBA’s meeting structure favor the applicants for zoning variances over the people whose neighborhoods are being impacted?  Did the decision on how to address this problem occur outside of the formal meetings of the ZBA? If so, did this constitute a violation of the Open Meetings Law?  Finally, if it did not violate the law, did the public still deserve to observe the discussion at which this decision was reached?

As further background, Mr. Moore did not reply to my original email and I followed up with two more courteous requests.

On July 8th, I received Attorney Schachner’s letter.

I am fortunate to have readers who are interested in going beyond sound bites.  I expect they will find these documents of considerable interest.

The Original Email (There were two follow ups)

From: John Kaufmann []

Sent: Thursday, June 23, 2016 4:25 PM

To: ‘William Moore’

Cc: ‘Joanne Yepsen’; ‘Michele Madigan’; ‘Christian Mathiesen’; ‘John Franck’; ‘Vincent DeLeonardis’

Subject: ZBA Compliance With Open Meetings Law

At the beginning of the May 9th meeting of the Zoning Board of Appeals, you announced that hence forth there would be a new policy on seating.  You indicated that in the future applicants to the ZBA would be asked to leave the table at which members of the ZBA were seated and sit in the gallery during the public comment period.

While this is an improvement over the previous policy it fails to live up to the standard of impartiality advised by attorney Mark Schachner at the ethics training attended by yourself and the members of the board.  To wit, that the boards should seek the highest standards as regards impartiality and openness and that having the applicant sit at the table with the board was not a good policy.

As you may be aware, the Planning Board requires applicants as well as the public to advocate from behind the railing from the gallery.  In fact, historically this was the policy of the ZBA as well.

According to Commissioner Chris Mathiesen, both the public and the applicant were allowed to come up to the table when materials were presented that could not be seen from the gallery.  This made it possible for the public to observe any hard copy documents presented by the applicant.  Other than under those circumstances, as the Planning Board currently requires, both the applicant and the public were relegated to the gallery.  This represented the highest standards consistent with the advice offered by Mr. Schachner.

I believe that it was Mr. Schacher’s point that seating applicants with you at the table sends an implicit, if unintentional, message about the status of applicants as compared to the public. I am respectfully requesting that you respond by explaining why you chose not to return to this policy but to continue to have applicants sit with you at the table during their presentation while relegating the public to the gallery.

I have reviewed the videos of the ZBA and I cannot find any meeting at which you discussed this change of policy.  Having observed your interactions with your board, I know how inclusive you are with them.  I find it very difficult to believe that you would have made this policy change without both consulting them and having a thoughtful conversation on this sensitive issue.  It is possible that I missed this event.  I respectfully ask that you respond by indicating at which meeting this decision was reached.

At your June 6 meeting Adam McNeil gave an impassioned statement over his frustration at what he characterized as the public’s unfair criticism of the members of the ethics board.  Ms. Steer seconded his comments.  I have a certain sympathy for their frustration.  There is no question that the members of this board give extraordinarily of their time as members of this board.  I would respectfully point out, however, that the board’s deliberations have a profound impact on the lives of the people of this city.  It is also fully understandable that the people who live in the neighborhoods affected by the decisions of this board often find the decisions of this board both threatening and painful.   The members of the public who have addressed this board have shown considerable restraint and respect.  The fact that Mr. McNeil and Ms. Steer cannot understand why, for example, the public would be disturbed that a member of the board would go out for drinks with an applicant and his lawyer after a meeting unfortunately reflects a certain lack of empathy and deference to the public .

I would be appreciate if you could respond to my following two questions at your earliest convenience.

*Why did you choose to continue to have applicants sit at the table with the board during their presentations rather than in the gallery as was past practice with the ZBA and current practice with the Planning Board?

*At which ZBA meeting was this change discussed?

Thank you

Attorney Mark Schachner’s Reply [I am including a link to a PDF for those who have trouble reading this image: Letter from Schachner ]

Letter from Schachner-1

Letter from Schachner-2

Letter From Schachner 3a

My Reply To Mr. Schachner

From: John Kaufmann []

Sent: Saturday, July 09, 2016 8:18 AM

To: Mark Schachner (

Cc: ‘Kerry Miller’; ‘Joanne Yepsen’; ‘Christian Mathiesen’; ‘John Franck’;
‘Michele Madigan’; ‘Tony Izzo’; ‘Vincent DeLeonardis’; ‘William
Moore’; ‘’; ‘Susan Barden’

Subject: RE: City of Saratoga Springs

Thank you for your long and thoughtful letter.

I think if you review my email you will see that I never asserted
that there was any legal issue that would compel the Zoning
Board of Appeals to follow the example of the Planning Board in
the manner with which it receives input from the public.

While I am not surprised that you chose not to venture into a
substantive discussion of the merits of the Planning Board’s
approach I thought you articulated my basic concern quite well
at the original training you did. I only wish the members of the
Zoning Board of Appeals had taken your advice more to heart.

I am however disappointed at your defense/characterization of
the manner by which the change to the seating policy was
determined. Based on your own comments at the training, the
issue of impartiality is not a frivolous one and as such deserves
serious consideration. Not being a lawyer, I will accept the fact
that a discussion over an issue like this can be carried out
informally outside of public view without violating the open
meetings law.

Having said that, I think Mr. Moore and his board would have
been better served had you counseled them that encouraging
trust by discussing sensitive issues like this in full public view
would avoid unnecessary conflict and help to encourage a sense
of trust in the community. Explaining a policy change like this
seems like a modest endeavor and being obdurate about
offering an explanation does not become the chairman of an
important board.

I want to thank you and the mayor, who I assume asked you to
address this, for your letter.